Seasonality and the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire
There have been many studies conducted on the SPAQ in the U.S., Europe, and Asia. Students and researchers have asked me how the SPAQ is scored in research studies. Information about scoring can be found online and in my forthcoming book, Defeating SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder): A Step-by-Step Guide to Living Well All Year Round.
Defeating SAD will be available for purchase in August of 2023. We will place a link on this page once that is available.