Shared joy is a double joy; shared sorrow is half a sorrow. - Swedish Proverb

Seasonality and the Seasonal Pattern Assessment Questionnaire (SPAQ)

Note to Students and Researchers

There have been many studies conducted on the SPAQ in the U.S., Europe and Asia. Students and researchers have asked me how the SPAQ is scored in research studies. A fuller discussion of this is provided in the articles listed in the “Further Reading” section at the end of my book, “Defeating SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder): A Step-by-Step Guide to Living Well All Year Round” and the SPAQ itself can be found below.